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Implications for practice and research
■ The increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in obese children and adults is well-established, but it is not clear if the age of onset or the duration of obesity is an independent risk factor for T2DM in adults.
■ Adults with obesity since childhood or young adulthood had the highest body mass index (BMIs) and the greatest risk of T2DM.
■ Non-obese adults who were obese children had an increased risk of elevated HbA1c, suggesting that childhood obesity may be an independent risk factor for T2DM in adulthood.
Obesity has become the most common health problem of children and adults in the developed …
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