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Adult nursing
Tai Chi: a promising adjunct nursing intervention to reduce risks of cardiovascular disease and improve psychosocial well-being in adults with hypertension
  1. Graeme D Smith
  1. Professor of Nursing, Caritas Institute of Higher Education, Hong Kong, SAR, China
  1. Correspondence to Professor Graeme D Smith, Department of Nursing, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, UK; smithgs0901{at}

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Implications for practice and research

  • Nurses play a vital role in reducing the risk of individuals with hypertension developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Tai Chi, a traditional Chinese exercise intervention, appears to provide a potentially effective form of physical activity for these individuals.

  • Future research of the effect of Tai Chi, a complex form of nursing intervention, should place more emphasis on objective exercise activity measures (accelerometers and pedometers).


The burden of CVD accounts for significant global morbidity and mortality.1 Substantial evidence suggests that physical inactivity is a major modifiable lifestyle factor related to the development of CVD. This experimental study, conducted by Chan et al, 2 compared Tai Chi exercise with brisk walking in Hong Kong-based adults with hypertension, a known risk factor for the development of CVD. Tai …

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  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.