Inclusion criteriaSearch strategyAppraisal and analysis
  • Quasi-experimental and randomised controlled trials using PBL

  • Student nurses

  • Published in English

  • Search completed 2022

  • Seven databases, Google Scholar and previous reviews

  • Two reviewers completed screening independently

  • Critically appraised using Joanna Briggs Institute checklist and Risk of Bias tool

  • Meta-analysis using standardised mean difference