Quality improvement intervention for promoting surfactant therapy in neonatal intensive care units (intervention) v no intervention (control) in preterm infants*

OutcomesInterventionControlRBI (95% CI)NNT (CI)
*Abbreviations defined in glossary; RBI, RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
Surfactant given in delivery room55%18%200% (176 to 228)3 (3 to 3)
First dose of surfactant >2 h after birth9%25%62% (57 to 67)7 (6 to 8)
Mortality before hospital discharge17.8%18.2%2% (−9 to 12)Not significant
Pneumothorax6.6%7.4%11% (−7 to 26)Not significant