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Navigating cardiac rehabilitation in the virtual era: patient perspectives and program adaptations in the course of COVID-19
  1. Jing Jing Su1,
  2. Ladislav Batalik2,3,4
  1. 1School of Nursing, Tung Wah College, Hong Kong, China
  2. 2Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  3. 3Department of Rehabilitation, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic
  4. 4Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ladislav Batalik, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic; batalik.ladislav{at}

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Commentary on: Vanzella LM, Cotie LM, Flores-Hukom M, Marzolini S, Konidis R, Ghisi GLM. Patients' Perceptions of Hybrid and Virtual-Only Care Models During the Cardiac Rehabilitation Patient Journey: A Qualitative Study. J Cardiovasc Nurs. Published online January 5, 2024.

Implications for practice and research

  • The use of theoretical models integrating well-recognised techniques (eg, goal setting, action planning, telemonitoring, individual assessment/tailoring) to guide virtual cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is essential.

  • Apart from teleconferencing, using advanced wearable devices, analytics and artificial intelligence techniques may improve personalised exercise and educational content capacity of future virtual CR studies.


Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a recommended treatment for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVDs), given the rising number of cardiac incidents due to ageing population and modern lifestyles.1 To improve accessibility and follow-up support for optimal health, e-platforms are increasingly being used. Virtual …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.