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Adult nursing
Hidden battle beyond the battlefield: unmasking chronic pain among military personnel
  1. Jiale Hu1,
  2. Xiaojing Qin2
  1. 1Department of Nurse Anesthesia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA
  2. 2College of Health Science, Rush University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr. Jiale Hu, Department of Nurse Anesthesia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA; jhu4{at}; Dr. Xiaojing Qin, College of Health Science, Rush University, Chicago, USA; xiaojing_qin{at}

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Commentary on: Bader CE, Flynn DM, Buckenmaier CC, McDonald CC, Meghani SH, Glaser D, Polomano RC. Patterns of Change in Pain-related Physical, Mental, and Social Health Outcomes in a Military Population. Pain Manag Nurs. 2023 Jun;24(3):265-272. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2023.01.002. Epub 2023 Feb 4.

Implications for practice and research

  • Multivariable pain outcomes are essential for evaluating the effectiveness of pain treatment strategies among the military population.

  • Data repositories like Pain Assessment Screening Tool and Outcomes Registry (PASTOR) offer opportunities to collect and analyse data, improving the knowledge of pain-related issues and enhancing care for military personnel with chronic pain.


Chronic pain is a significant concern for both active-duty military members and veterans, as they often face unique challenges and experiences that can contribute to both physical and psychological pain.1 It is estimated that military personnel experience a higher rate of chronic pain …

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  • JH and XQ are joint first authors.

  • Twitter @garyhu11

  • JH and XQ contributed equally.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.