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Cross-sectional study
Support for presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation if it is a child or relative, though views differ by gender
  1. Mae Ann Pasquale
  1. Nursing Department, Cedar Crest College, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Dr Mae Ann Pasquale, Nursing Department, Cedar Crest College, 100 College Dr, Allentown, PA 18104, USA; mpasqual{at}

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Commentary on: OpenUrlCrossRefPubMed

Implications for practice and research

  • Allowing family members the opportunity to actively participate in all aspects of a patient's care, including being present during the initiation of emergency procedures is important.

  • To assess the potential role of cultural differences, further studies exploring the perceptions of the wider public are needed.


Concerns related to family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have stimulated discussion/debate for decades. The discussion on whether to invite family members to be present during CPR is still an argumentative issue and the practice is not consistently implemented. While a number of studies indicate that the presence of a patient's family during CPR is beneficial for patients, their …

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  • Competing interests None declared.