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Systematic review
57% of RCTs of cardiovascular nursing interventions show that they improve at least one outcome for secondary prevention patients; optimum intervention strategy unclear
  1. Robyn Gallagher
  1. Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Robyn Gallagher
    Jones Street, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia; robyn.gallagher{at}

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Cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart failure (HF) are now the leading causes of death worldwide.1 One of the important methods of addressing this issue is secondary prevention in people with existing diagnoses, therefore a major focus of cardiovascular nurses over the last few decades has been secondary prevention. However, until this paper, none of the systematic reviews of secondary prevention interventions published to date has specifically focused on interventions provided by nurses.

In this systematic review, Allen and Dennison conducted a methodical search for randomised trials published in English between 2000 and 2008 in the PubMed and CINAHL databases. Studies were included if they were secondary prevention interventions for CAD and HF primarily conducted by nurses, had …

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