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- cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- electric countershock
- emergency medical services
- heart arrest
- voluntary workers
OpenUrlCrossRefPubMedWeb of Science
Q Do more patients with out of hospital cardiac arrest survive to hospital discharge when response teams of lay volunteers trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) also use automated external defibrillators (AEDs)?
cluster randomised controlled trial (Public Access Defibrillation [PAD] Trial).
blinded (data collectors and outcome assessors).
Follow up period:
to hospital discharge. Community units were involved for a mean 22 months.
993 community units in 24 North American regions.
patients ⩾8 years of age with out of hospital cardiac arrest.
993 community facilities (eg, shopping malls, recreation centres, hotels, and apartment complexes) were eligible for randomisation as a community unit, either individually or as a group if they had a pool of lay volunteer responders able to deliver an AED within 3 minutes …
↵* Information provided by author.
For correspondence: Dr A Hallstrom, Public Access Defibrillation Clinical Trial Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
Sources of funding: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; Guidant Foundation; Medtronic. Devices supplied by Cardiac Science Survivalink; Medtronic Physio-Control; Philips Medical Systems Heartstream; Laerdal Medical.