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Medline, Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trials, PsycINFO, HealthSTAR, and CINAHL (all from 1994 to February 2003); Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Database of Research Effectiveness (Issues 2 and 3, 2001; Issue 1, 2002); bibliographies of systematic reviews; the 1996 US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations; and experts.
Study selection and assessment:
English language randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-randomised controlled trials, or systematic reviews of participants ⩾12 years of age with risky or harmful alcohol use who received a brief primary care behavioural counselling intervention primarily to reduce alcohol intake. Exclusion criteria included specialty addiction treatment settings, …
For correspondence: Dr E P Whitlock, Oregon Evidence-based Practice Center, Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, and Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.
Source of funding: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.