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Medline, CINAHL, HealthSTAR, ERIC, Science Citation Index, PsycINFO, CRISP, and a database on the American Association of Diabetes Educators website (http://www.aadenet.org).
Study selection and assessment:
randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that were published from 1990–2000 in English, evaluated educational interventions in adult outpatients with diabetes, and reported on glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) concentrations before and after the intervention and at ⩾12 weeks after the intervention. An educational intervention was defined as any non-pharmacological educational technique that used physical, intellectual, or psychosocial means to improve the health of patients with diabetes.
glycaemic control (HbA1c concentrations).
21 RCTs (28 educational and 21 control interventions) met the selection criteria. 5 studies had >1 intervention …
For correspondence: Dr T A Elasy, Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, TN, USA.
Source of funding: not stated.