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Gender, age, religion, and tradition influenced the smoking attitudes and behaviour of Bangladeshi and Pakistani adults

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Q In Bangladeshi and Pakistani adults, what influences smoking attitudes, beliefs, values, and behaviour?


Qualitative study using a community participatory approach.


Community based setting in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.


141 participants (62% men) 18–80 years of age, including smokers and non-smokers, were recruited using purposive sampling on the basis of ethnicity, gender, age, smoking status, and occupation. 87 participants (58% men) were Bangladeshi, and 54 (69% men) were Pakistani.


13 bilingual South Asian community researchers (54% women) who had received qualitative research training used a grounded approach to data generation and analysis. 37 participants were involved in indepth semistructured interviews, and 104 participants were involved in …

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  • For correspondence: Dr J Bush, School of Population and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

  • Sources of funding: Cancer Research UK and Department of Health.