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Q In patients >45 years of age who have had a myocardial infarction (MI), does cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improve short and long term exercise tolerance?
randomised controlled trial.
blinded (healthcare providers, data collectors, and outcomes assessors).
Follow up period:
a university CR unit in Florence, Italy.
270 patients >45 years of age (age range 46–86 y, 68% men) who were referred to the CR unit for functional evaluation 4–6 weeks after MI. Exclusion criteria included severe cognitive impairment or physical disability, left ventricular ejection fraction <35%, contraindications to vigorous physical exercise, and living too far from the CR unit.
Patients were allocated in an age (3 age groups predefined as middle aged 45–65 …
For correspondence: Dr N Marchionni, Department of Critical Care Medicine and Surgery, University of Florence and Azienda Ospedaliera Careggi, Florence, Italy.
Sources of funding: National Research Council and the Regional Government of Tuscany, Italy.