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Review: several interventions prevent ventilator associated pneumonia in critically ill patients

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QUESTION: Which interventions prevent ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill patients?

Data sources

English language studies were identified by searching Medline (1966–2001) and the Cochrane Library, and by reviewing bibliographies of retrieved articles.

Study selection

Studies were selected if they were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or observational cohort controlled trials.

Data extraction

Data were extracted on study design, intervention, and outcomes.

Main results

34 studies met the selection criteria. Meta-analysis was not done because of study variations in the diagnostic …

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  • Sources of funding: Department of Veterans Affairs and National Institutes of Health.

  • For correspondence: Dr H R Collard, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA. hal.collard{at}