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Review: pelvic floor muscle training is effective for stress or mixed urinary incontinence in women

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QUESTION: Is pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) effective and safe for women with symptoms or urodynamic diagnoses of stress, urge, or mixed incontinence?

Data sources

The Cochrane Incontinence Group trials register (May 2000), the Cochrane Rehabilitation and Related Therapies Field (to 1998), Medline (1980–98), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1980–98), the database of the Dutch National Institute of Allied Health Professions (to 1998), Physiotherapy Index (to 1998), the proceedings of the International Continence Society (1980–2000), some physiotherapy journals, and reference lists of relevant papers. Also, experts in the field were contacted.

Study selection

Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of PFMT in women with symptoms or urodynamic diagnoses of stress, urge, or mixed incontinence. PFMT …

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  • Source of funding: Health Research Council of Aotearoa New Zealand.

  • For correspondence: Ms J Hay-Smith, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand. Fax +64 3 474 7620.