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A breastfeeding intervention increased breast feeding and reduced GI tract infections and atopic eczema

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QUESTION: In women who have initiated breast feeding, does a breastfeeding promotion intervention increase duration and exclusivity of breast feeding and reduce gastrointestinal (GI) tract infection?


Cluster randomised (cluster allocation concealed), unblinded, controlled trial with 12 months of follow up.


32 maternity hospitals and clinics in Belarus.


Mother-infant pairs were enrolled if the mother intended to breast feed, had no illnesses contraindicating breast feeding, and had given birth to a healthy, singleton infant who had a gestational age ≥37 weeks, birth weight ≥2500 g, and a 5 minute Apgar score ≥5. 17046 mother-infant pairs were enrolled and 16442 (97%) …

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  • Sources of funding: Thrasher Research Fund; National Health Research and Development Program (Health Canada); UNICEF; European Regional Office of the World Health Organization.

  • For correspondence: Dr M S Kramer, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, 1020 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A2, Canada. Fax +1 514 398 4503.