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Review: exercise programmes increase walking times in patients with intermittent claudication

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QUESTION: In patients with intermittent claudication (leg pain on walking), do exercise programmes increase walking times?

Data sources

Randomised controlled trials were identified by using Medline, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, handsearches of journals, bibliographies of reviews and identified trials, and contact with principal investigators of trials. The search strategy produced by the Cochrane Review Group on Peripheral Vascular Diseases was used.

Study selection

Trials were included if exercise programmes were compared with control or medical or surgical treatment; participants had self reported or clinically diagnosed intermittent claudication caused by atherosclerotic disease; the exercise programme included any form of leg physical activity (eg, walking or running); and outcomes were provided (treadmill walking distance, time to onset of …

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  • Sources of funding: Department of Health, The Scottish Office UK and The British Heart Foundation UK.

  • For correspondence: Dr G C Leng, Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK. Fax +44 (0)207 794 1224.