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Dietary patterns including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low fat dairy, and lean meats lowered mortality risk in women

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QUESTION: Is overall diet quality associated with mortality in women?


Cohort study of women in the Breast Cancer Detection and Demonstration Project (BCDDP) with a median follow up of 5.6 years.


27 cities in the US.


42 254 women (mean age 61 y, 87% white).

Assessment of risk factors

Women completed a 62 item food frequency questionnaire by post, which collected information on the frequency and portion sizes of foods consumed over the previous year. Overall diet quality was assessed by the Recommended Foods Score (RFS), which was the sum of 23 foods (consumed at least once a week; maximum score 23) that were recommended in current …

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  • Source of funding: no external funding.

  • For correspondence: Dr A Schatzkin, Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS 7032, Bethesda, MD 20892-7232, USA. Fax +1 301 402 0553.