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Review: nursing interventions increase smoking cessation rates in adults

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QUESTION: How effective are smoking cessation interventions delivered by nurses?

Data sources

Studies were identified by searching the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Review Group specialised register (which includes studies identified from Medline, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, and PsycLIT, and by hand searches of specialist journals, conference proceedings, and bibliographies) using the terms nurse or health visitor. CINAHL was also searched from 1983 using the terms nursing, smoking cessation, and intervention.

Study selection

Randomised trials were selected if they evaluated the effectiveness of nurse delivered smoking cessation interventions (defined as provision of advice or other information and strategies to help patients stop smoking) for adults; had ≥2 treatment groups; and had ≥6 months of follow up. Studies were excluded if the sample included pregnant women, if they compared advice alone with advice plus nicotine …

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  • Sources of funding: UK National Health Service Research & Development Programme; American Heart Association.

  • For correspondence: Professor V H Rice, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, 5557 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. Fax +1 313 577 5777.

  • A modified version of this abstract appears in Evidence-Based Mental Health.