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A comprehensive educational programme was effective for inner city patients with asthma

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QUESTION: Does a comprehensive educational programme improve outpatient follow up and decrease subsequent hospital admissions in inner city patients with acute asthma?


Randomised (allocation concealed), unblinded, controlled trial with 6 months of follow up.


A university hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.


77 patients between 18 and 45 years of age (mean age 29 y, 79% women) who were admitted from the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma and who lived in the inner city. Exclusion criteria were comorbid disease, inability to speak English, lack of telephone access, or pregnancy. Follow up was 100%.


44 patients were allocated to an educational programme including inpatient asthma education by an asthma nurse specialist, bedside …

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  • Sources of funding: National Institutes of Health; Health Management Alternatives; Abbott Laboratories; Mary Rockefeller Foundation; Merck & Co; Schering-Plough/Key Pharmaceuticals.

  • For correspondence: Dr R A Panettieri Jr, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, BRB II/III, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, 421 Civic Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6160, USA. Fax +1 215 573 4469.

  • * *p value calculated from data in paper.