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QUESTION: Is parent application of eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics (EMLA) as effective as clinician application for reducing children's pain and behavioural distress during intravenous (IV) insertion?
Randomised (unclear allocation concealment), blinded (clinician) trial.
An outpatient gastrointestinal (GI) clinic in the US.
41 children of 2 age groups (younger group 5–12 y, mean age 9 y and older group 13–18 y, mean age 15 y) who were scheduled for elective outpatient GI endoscopy with IV sedation. Children were excluded if they could not understand the visual analogue scale (VAS). Follow up was 88%.
After stratification by age group, children were allocated to parent (n=11 in the younger group, n=10 in …
Source of funding: no external funding.
For correspondence: Dr J L Koh, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Pediatric Anesthesia and Pain Management, 800 Marshall St, Slot 203, Little Rock, AR 72202−3591, USA. Fax +1 501 320 2939.