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Qualitative study of forensic psychiatric nurses’ experiences of delayed decisions on involuntary treatment
  1. Etienne Paradis-Gagné
  1. Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Etienne Paradis-Gagné, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada; etienne.paradis-gagne{at}

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Commentary on: Antonsson H, Dahliavy L, Mouline H, et al. Struggling with unnecessary suffering-registered nurses’ experiences of delayed decisions on treatment without consent in forensic psychiatric inpatient care. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2023. doi: 10.1111/INM.13194. Epub ahead of print.

Implications for practice and research

  • Nurses are at the forefront of witnessing the effects of involuntary interventions, particularly the use of forced medication.

  • Additional research is needed to better understand the impact of the use of involuntary care and treatment in forensic psychiatry, from the perspective of service users, nurses and families.


In several countries, including Sweden and Canada,1 there has been an increase in the use of legal measures, including involuntary admission, treatment order and …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.