Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Women’s health and midwifery
Socioeconomic, ethnic inequalities and adverse pregnancy outcomes: time for the disparities to disappear
  1. Lorna Lawther,
  2. Ciara Close
  1. School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, County Down, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Lorna Lawther, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, County Down, UK; l.lawther{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Commentary on: Jardine J, Walker K, Gurol-Urganci I, et al. Adverse pregnancy outcomes attributable to socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in England: a national cohort study. Lancet. 2021; 398(10314):1905–1912. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)01595-6. Epub 2021 Nov 1. Erratum in: Lancet. 2021;398(10314):1874.

Implications for practice and research

  • Tackling adverse pregnancy outcomes requires multiple strategies including interventions that address the wider social determinants of health related to socio-economic (SE) status and ethnicity.

  • Future adverse pregnancy outcomes studies could consider data linkage methodologies to enable analysis of larger, more representative datasets.


This study1 aims to determine the effect of SE disadvantage and ethnicity on adverse pregnancy outcomes and the scale of effect at population level in England using real-world data. The Index of Multiple Deprivation and Office for National Statistics classification of ethnicity were used in this …

View Full Text


  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.