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Nursing issues
Burnout in nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic: the rising need for development of evidence-based risk assessment and supportive interventions
  1. Akhtar Ebrahimi Ghassemi
  1. Nursing Department, Hartwick College, Oneonta, New York, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Akhtar Ebrahimi Ghassemi, Hartwick College, Oneonta, New York, USA; aghassemi11{at}

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Commentary on: Galanis P, Varka I, Fragkou D, et al. Nurses’ burnout and associated risk factors during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Adv Nurs. 2021. doi:10.1111/jan.14839.

Implications for practice and research

  • To diminish nurses’ burnout, it is vital to determine risk and protective factors for burnout during large-scale outbreaks and use multilevel evidence-based public health strategies to enhance their adaptive coping skills, reduce their emotional and physical exhaustion, and improve their function.

  • Future research should concentrate on a comprehensive assessment of the adverse effects of pandemic on nurses’ mental health and risk factors for burnout to formulate specialised training for nurses and prepare the healthcare systems and nurses to effectively respond and function during the COVID-19 outbreak.


Literature has consistently presented that health professionals experience higher level of work-related stress and multiple psychological stressors leading to burnout.1 …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.