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Adult nursing
One in 10 hospitalised patients have a pressure injury worldwide
  1. Karen Palmer1,
  2. James Hill2,
  3. Andrew Clegg2
  1. 1 Research & Development, Lancashire and South Cumbria NHS Foundation Trust, Preston, UK
  2. 2 Evidence Synthesis, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, UK
  1. Correspondence to James Hill, Evidence Synthesis, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK; jehill1{at}

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Commentary on: Li Z, Lin F, Thalib L, et al. Global prevalence and incidence of pressure injuries in hospitalised adult patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Nurs Stud 2020;105:103546. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103546. [Epub ahead of print 31 Jan 2020].

Implications for practice and research

  • The estimated worldwide pressure injury (PI) prevalence is 12.8% in hospitalised adults.

  • Hospitals should continue to see PIs as a priority.

  • Future PI prevalence studies should ensure appropriate sampling methods and training for data collectors.


A pressure injury (PI) or pressure ulcer is localised skin and/or tissue damage which results from sustained pressure and/or shear.1 PIs have significant clinical and economic impact on the patient and healthcare systems with the potential to prolong hospitalisation and increase both morbidity and mortality.2 Despite extensive prevention programmes, evidence suggests that the prevalence of PIs and the economic burden continues to rise.3 This …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.