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Health promotion and public health
Adhering to tobacco dependency medications requires collaborative and personalised interventions for long-term smoking cessation outcomes in adults
  1. Kate Frazer
  1. School of Nursing, Midwifery and Health Systems, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kate Frazer, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Health Systems, University College Dublin, Dublin, 4, Ireland; kathleen.frazer{at}

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Commentary on: Sanders CJ, Lindenmeyer MA, Marriott J. A meta‐ethnography of adult smokers’ exploring the meanings of tobacco dependency medications adherence behaviours during smoking cessation. J Adv Nurs 2019. doi: 10.1111/jan.14146. [Epub ahead of print: 09 Jul 2019].

Implications for practice and research

  • Understanding smokers’ perspectives and willpower are necessary for effective health communications and smoking cessation practices.

  • Further research is needed to understand resistance to tobacco dependence medications and tailored smoking cessation interventions.


The detrimental effect of smoking on health is well known. Over 8 million deaths worldwide are associated with smoking; 7 million deaths result from direct tobacco use.1 The role of tobacco dependency medications has been established as effective in quitting smoking.2 3 However, factors that influence tobacco dependency medication (TDM) …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.