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Nurse education
Health discipline students face various direct and indirect types of risks and hazards during education in clinical placements
  1. Richard Booth1,
  2. Siobhan O'Connor2
  1. 1 Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada
  2. 2 School of Health in Social Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Richard Booth, Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada; rbooth5{at}

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Commentary on: Graj E, Sheen J, Dudley A, et al. Adverse health events associated with clinical placement: a systematic review. Nurse Educ Today 2019;76:178–190. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2019.01.024.

Implications for practice and research

  • Risks and hazards faced by health discipline students in clinical placement settings are commonly subtle, and occur in both direct and indirect fashions to the student.

  • Future research should seek to explore the interrelationship between the type of clinical experience, educational progression and other contextual factors found in clinical placement settings, as related to student risks.


The review completed by Graj et al 1 sought to explore the risks and hazards encountered by health discipline students during clinical placements. Primary research completed in this domain has suggested that students commonly face various types of abuse, violence and other health-related occupational hazards during formal training.2 Graj et al 1 sought to synthesise the body of the literature in an effort to better elucidate the various risks faced by health discipline students during …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.