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Learning disabilities
Critical considerations for engaging in inclusive health research with individuals with intellectual disability
  1. Nicole Bobbette1,
  2. Yani Hamdani1,2
  1. 1 Azrieli Adult Neurodevelopmental Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  2. 2 Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Nicole Bobbette, Azrieli Adult Neurodevelopmental Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada; nicole.bobbette{at}

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Commentary on: Schwartz, AE, Kramer, JM, Cohn ES, et al. "That Felt Like Real Engagement": fostering and maintaining inclusive research collaborations with individuals with intellectual disability. Qual Health Res 2019;30:236–49. doi: 10.1177/1049732319869620.

Implications for practice and research

  • Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) should be involved in co-producing research and evaluating services related to their health and healthcare.

  • Swartz and colleagues’ conceptual model provides valuable insights into factors that enable inclusive research collaborations with individuals with ID and can be used to inform future inclusive health research.


Including the perspectives of individuals with ID in health research and service evaluation is essential to the delivery of high-quality, person-centred healthcare and research that is accessible and reflective of the needs of this group. Inclusive research (IR) is a collaborative approach for working with people with disabilities.1 Guidelines have been specifically developed to support inclusive health research. However, further understanding of the processes involved is needed, …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.