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Women's health and midwifery
Call for culturally sensitive comprehensive cancer control programmes in the Middle Eastern countries
  1. Iman Al Hashmi1,
  2. Vidya Seshan2
  1. 1 College of Nursing, Maternal and Child Health, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
  2. 2 College of Nursing, Maternal and Child Heath, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
  1. Correspondence to Dr Iman Al Hashmi, Maternal and Child Health, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat 123, Oman; eiman{at}

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Commentary on: Madkhali NA, Santin O, Noble H, et al. Breast health awareness in an Arabic culture: a qualitative exploration. J Adv Nurs 2018;75:1713-22. doi: 10.1111/jan.14003.

Implications for practice and research

  • Development of comprehensive cancer control programmes that are culturally tailored for Arab and Muslim women and evaluating the outcome through research is warranted in the Middle Eastern countries.

  • Health promotion is a fundamental nursing role; therefore, it is critical to integrate breast health topics in nursing education.


Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide.1 Evidence indicates there is high prevalence of advanced BC among premenopausal women and high-mortality rate in the developing countries as compared with the western countries where mortality rate from BC occurs among women who are older than 65 years and those complicated by other medical problems.2 3 This increase in the mortality rate …

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  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.