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Health promotion and public health
Parenting intervention programmes during childhood can improve health outcomes for black and rural communities
  1. Kate Frazer
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kate Frazer, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Health Systems, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland; kathleen.frazer{at}

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Commentary on: Brody H, et al. Preventive parenting intervention during childhood and young black adults' unhealthful behaviors: a randomised controlled trial. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2018 Sep 11. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12968

Implications for practice and research

  • Targeted improvements for reducing smoking, alcohol intake and drug use are required amongst disadvantaged groups to reduce rates of morbidity and mortality.

  • Future research needs to consider factors associated with engagement in supportive parenting programmes.


Supporting early childhood development across the life course is a fundamental component of the UN sustainable development goals framework.1–3 The impact of deprivation and discrimination results in poorer mental and physical health outcomes with increased negative health behaviours for those at risk.3 4 Black and rural communities in America experience negative living conditions. However, the challenging conditions do not always result …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.