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Health promotion and public health
Intimate partner violence, post-traumatic disorders and menopausal symptoms
  1. Parveen Ali1,
  2. Julie McGarry2
  1. 1 School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
  2. 2 School of Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Parveen Ali, School of Nursing ad Midwifery, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK; parveen.ali{at}

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Commentary on: Gibson CJ, Huang AJ, McCaw B, et al. Associations of intimate partner violence, sexual assault, and posttraumatic stress disorder with menopause symptoms among midlife and older women. JAMA Intern Med 2019;179(1):80–7.

Implications for practice and research

  • Healthcare professionals need to be aware of the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by mid-life and older women as IPV experiences and post-tramautic stress disorder (PTSD) can have an impact on menopausal symptoms

  • Further robust and longitudinal research is needed to explore the impact of IPV on mid-life and older women’s lives.


IPV is a major public health problem which intersects ethnic, religious, societal and geographical boundaries and results in serious physical and psychological consequences for those affected. IPV can exist in same sex relationships and men can also be victims of IPV, however, the frequency and severity of IPV experienced by women is always greater. …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.