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In this series, commentaries in evidence-based nursing from the past 2 years from a specific nursing theme are brought together and highlights are discussed. The topic for this edition is care of the older person. From January 2015 to the January 2017 edition, 19 commentaries were published on the chosen topic. Three commentaries in this category related to advance care planning or palliative care were removed because they were addressed in EBN Perspectives in January 2017. Key themes were extrapolated from these commentaries and the implications for practice and future research were explored.
The 19 commentaries are presented in box 1 and grouped into four themes.
EBN commentaries on care of the older person (January 2015–January 2017)
Themes: health promotion/prevention strategies; age-related health issues; nursing care of older people and health; care institutions and the older person.
Theme 1: Health Promotion/Prevention Strategies
1. Randomised controlled trial: Physical activity can successfully be promoted to older adults within a primary care setting by trained nurses
2. Randomised controlled trial: Self-management programme for people with dementia and their spouses demonstrates some benefits, but the model has limitations http://ebn.bmj.com/content/20/1/26.extract
3. Systematic review with meta-analysis: Mealtime assistance may increase the energy and protein intake of hospitalised older patients
4. Randomised controlled trial: Implementation of a feasible monthly vitamin D intervention in homebound older adults using a Meals-on-Wheels programme
5. Quantitative study–other: An elastic band exercise programme improves functional fitness in older adults http://ebn.bmj.com/content/19/2/64.extract
6. Systematic review: Training programmes and mealtime assistance may improve eating performance for elderly long-term care residents with dementia http://ebn.bmj.com/content/19/1/32.extract
7. Randomised controlled trial: A psychological intervention for family carers of people with dementia is clinically and cost-effective at reducing carer depression and anxiety levels over 2 years of follow-up http://ebn.bmj.com/content/18/4/128.extract