Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Systematic review
Training programmes and mealtime assistance may improve eating performance for elderly long-term care residents with dementia
  1. Heather Keller1,
  2. Susan Slaughter2
  1. 1Department of Kinesiology, Schlegel-University of Waterloo Research Institute for Aging, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada;
  2. 2Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  1. Correspondence to : Dr Heather Keller, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1; hkeller{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Commentary on: OpenUrlCrossRefPubMed

Implications for practice and research

  • Multifactorial rather than single component interventions are more likely to improve eating performance of older adults with dementia in long-term care.

  • Future research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness and fidelity of interventions in real world settings with nursing caregivers rather than research assistants implementing the interventions.

  • Longitudinal research designs are indicated to evaluate eating performance in the context of the progressive loss of eating ability associated with dementia.


Ability to eat autonomously at mealtimes enhances social contact and interaction, supports adequate nutrition and intake, and promotes the enjoyment of food. Yet more than half of older adults with dementia living …

View Full Text


  • Competing interests The first author of this systematic review has recently accepted an invitation to participate in the I-DINE consortium led by HK.