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Implications for practice and research
To guarantee the safety of residents or patients is the most important justification for physical restraint use, despite the lack of evidence for benefit and safety.
Nurses’ attitudes were shown to be nearly unchanged over time, while educational interventions seem to be ineffective in reducing restraint use in clinical practice.
Research on the influence of nurses’ attitudes on the implementation of research evidence in clinical practice is warranted.
Physical restraints (eg, belts, full enclosed bedrails) are still commonly used in the care of older people. However, there is a large variation in restraint use that …
Competing interests None.