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Implications for practice and research
Peanut or tree nut avoidance during pregnancy is not recommended for non-allergic mothers.
Maternal nut consumption does not appear to increase the risk of nut allergy in offspring and may even be protective.
Further research is required to clarify the role of maternal nut consumption during pregnancy and lactation; research should consider potential differential effects of the genetic risk of peanut allergy in children.
Peanut allergy affects up to 3% of children at the age of 1 year.1 Mothers are increasingly concerned about the implications of exposing children to peanuts prenatally through their own diet or their child's diet in early infancy. A lack of high-quality evidence about the …
Competing interests None.