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Cross-sectional study
Caring behaviour of nurses in Malaysia is influenced by spiritual and emotional intelligence, psychological ownership and burnout
  1. Elizabeth Adamson
  1. School of Nursing, Midwifery & Social Care, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, UK
  1. Correspondence to : Dr Elizabeth Adamson, School of Nursing, Midwifery & Social Care, Edinburgh Napier University, Sighthill Campus, Sighthill Court, Edinburgh, EH11 4BN, UK; l.adamson{at}

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Implications for practice and research

  • This study presents a model for prediction of caring behaviours and factors that can affect nurses’ ability to care. This model has the potential to inform nurse education.

  • The study emphasises the important influence that spiritual intelligence can have on a nurse's caring behaviour, and introduces the concept of psychological ownership in terms of nursing practice.

  • The findings from this study should inform further research in terms of the preparation of nursing students for practice and their ability to consistently provide person-centred care.


The quality of healthcare provision has been high on the political agenda for some time and reports of …

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  • Competing interests None.