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Systematic review
Review: exercise interventions improve pain and function in people with knee osteoarthritis compared with no exercise
  1. Kim Bennell1,
  2. Fiona Dobson2
  1. 1University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia;
  2. 2Department of Physiotherapy, Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to : Professor Kim Bennell, Department of Physiotherapy, Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Level 7 Room: 707, Alan Gilbert Building, 161 Barry Street, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia; k.bennell{at}

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Implications for practice and research

  • Conclusive evidence has established the overall benefits of exercise in patients with lower limb osteoarthritis (OA).

  • Although there are no distinct differences in the benefit estimates of different types of exercises, those designed to improve strength, flexibility and aerobic capacity seem to provide the most benefit to patients with lower limb OA.


Therapeutic exercise is an integral component of conservative OA management and is universally recommended by current clinical guidelines.1–3 However, when it comes to choosing which types of exercises are best, the evidence is limited and inconclusive. The review by Uthman …

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  • Competing interests None.