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Qualitative study—other
Children’s experience of postoperative pain relief: children, parents and nurses use various pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches, particularly distraction
  1. Joan Simons
  1. Faculty of Health and Social Care, The Open University, Buckinghamshire, UK
  1. Correspondence to : Dr Joan Simons, Faculty of Health and Social Care, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire MK7 6AA, UK; joan.simons{at}

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Implications for practice and research

  • Healthcare professionals need to value the role children can play in the management of their pain.

  • Involving parents in the assessment of a child's pain will help identify when a child appears to be concealing their pain.

  • In order for pain management in children to improve, there needs to be commitment at ward and organisational level.


Children are dependent on parents and nurses to help them cope with their pain following surgery. However, school-aged children are able to evaluate how their pain is managed and what strategies they prefer. Although pain medication is the cornerstone of pain management, there is increasing recognition of the value of non-pharmacological pain relieving methods. In addition, parental presence …

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  • Competing interests None.