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Cohort study
In women, increased dietary antioxidants are associated with reduced risk of developing heart failure
  1. Pascal McKeown1,2,
  2. Nicholas McKeag2
  1. 1Centre for Medical Education, Queens University Belfast, Belfast, UK;
  2. 2Department of Cardiology, Belfast Health & Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK
  1. Correspondence to : Professor Pascal McKeown, Centre for Medical Education, Queen's University Belfast, Whitla Medical Building, Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK; P.P.McKeown{at}

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Commentary on OpenUrlCrossRefPubMed

Implications for practice and research

  • A diet rich in natural antioxidants may reduce the risk of developing heart failure.

  • Well-designed intervention studies are needed to investigate the effect of a diet rich in antioxidants on heart failure incidence.


Heart failure is a syndrome comprising symptoms such as breathlessness alongside objective evidence of cardiac dysfunction. This is a common condition with a considerable economic impact on health services.1 Nutritional intake and status appear to be important in heart failure. Non-intentional weight loss in the setting of heart failure (cardiac cachexia) is an independent predictor of …

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  • Competing interests None.