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Implications for practice and research
Evidence-supported interventions to manage chronic wounds include elastic, high or multilayer compression and systemic pentoxifyllene for venous ulcers; hyperbaric oxygen and local hydrogels applied after debridement for diabetic ulcers; systemic prostanoids and spinal cord stimulation for arterial ulcers; and avoidance of local therapeutic ultrasound for healing pressure ulcers.
Evidence-supported interventions to prevent pressure ulcers include high-specification foam and low air-loss mattresses, and pressure-relieving overlays on operating room tables.
Evidence-supported interventions for acute wound healing include topical honey for burns, tap water for cleansing soft tissue injury, prophylactic antibiotics for hand bites and avoidance of silver sulfadiazine as a topical agent.
Many common wound care therapies have had no trials conducted to assess their effectiveness. More high-quality research …
Competing interests None.