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Systematic review and meta-analysis
Diet and physical activity interventions reduce pregnancy weight gain compared with control, with dietary interventions having the greatest effect
  1. Nicola Heslehurst
  1. Institute for Health & Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  1. Correspondence to: Dr Nicola Heslehurst
    Institute for Health & Society, Baddiley-Clark Building, Newcastle University, Richardson Road, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX, UK; nicola.heslehurst{at}

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Implications for practice and research

  • Behavioural interventions can reduce maternal, fetal and neonatal obstetric and weight-related risks.

  • Good-quality research is required to inform the development of behavioural interventions to determine effectiveness and cost-effectiveness for short-term and long-term health outcomes.


There has been a rapid development of international maternal obesity and gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines due to increasing evidence of risk.1–3 Maternal obesity has doubled over two decades with significant UK regional variation.4 ,5 The majority of published GWG research is among non-UK populations.2 This systematic review aimed to determine the effectiveness of behavioural interventions in pregnancy at …

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  • Competing interests None.