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Quantitative - study
Nine-year-old children exposed to more sociodemographic, physical and psychosocial risks tend to have poorer self-regulatory behaviour and are more likely to show an increase in BMI during the next 4 years
  1. Robert H Bradley
  1. School of Social & Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA
  1. Correspondence to Robert H Bradley
    School of Social & Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, 951 S. Cady Mall, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA; Robert.Bradley{at}

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Implications for practice and research

  • A focus on improving children's self-regulatory skills can be an effective component of interventions aimed at reducing obesity.

  • Future research should consider additional attitudinal and motivational pathways through which high-risk children can improve eating and activity patterns that protect against obesity.


Approximately 17% of US children are classified as obese, with low-income children showing higher rates of obesity than middle income children.1 The International Association for the Study of Obesity estimates that 20% of school-age children in Europe are overweight: a marker of accelerating problems with obesity worldwide.2 Being overweight in childhood increases the risk of a broad array of health …

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