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Randomised controlled trial
A music-based multitask exercise programme is a promising intervention for improving gait, balance and fall risk in older adults
  1. Lesley Brown,
  2. Natalie de Bruin
  1. Department of Kinesiology, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Lesley Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive E, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada; l.brown{at}

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Implications for nursing practice and research

  • A music-based multitask exercise programme can improve gait, balance and risk of falling among community living older adults.

  • A music-based exercise programme may be effective in encouraging adherence to an exercise intervention.

  • Adding music to a multitask exercise programme does not interfere with programme efficacy.


Falls are a major health concern among older adults, with an estimated one-third of older adults experiencing at least one fall annually.1 With an ageing population, the cost of falls to society and the healthcare system sets to pose an increasing problem. Walking, particularly accompanied by one or more motor or cognitive tasks, has been implicated as a major …

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  • Competing interests None.

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