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Randomised controlled trial
Children benefit up to the age of 12 years old from prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses; with reduced substance use, improved academic performance and reduced mental health problems
  1. Kathleen F Norr
  1. University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  1. Correspondence to Kathleen F Norr
    845 South Damen Avenue, Chicago, IL 60612-7350, USA; knorr{at}uic.ed

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Research supporting nurse–family partnership

This report of positive impacts on mental health and academic achievement of children at age 12 is the most recent publication from a highly significant programme of maternal-child health research. The intervention focused on improving pregnancy outcomes, child health and development and economic self-reliance through semistructured nurse home visits to socioeconomically disadvantaged first-time mothers from mid-pregnancy through 2 years after birth. Randomised trials in three US cities had similar positive short- and long-term impacts for mothers and children, with stronger positive impacts for the most disadvantaged group. Based on ecological theory, attachment theory and self-efficacy, these positive results strongly support these …

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  • Competing interests None.