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Does the combined effect of 4 health behaviours (smoking, physical activity, alcohol use, and fruit and vegetable intake) affect the risk of stroke in community-dwelling people?
cohort study with a mean 11.5-year follow-up (Norfolk component of the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer [EPIC-Norfolk]).
general practices in the UK.
20 040 people who were 40–79 years of age (mean age 58 y, 55% women) with no known myocardial infarction or stroke.
smoking, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and fruit and vegetable intake. Participants were assigned 1 point each for being a non-smoker, being physically active, consuming alcohol moderately (1–14 units/wk), and consuming ⩾5 servings of vegetables and fruit per day (blood concentration of vitamin C ⩾50 μmol/l).
incident stroke (hospital record linkage and death certificate data). Results were adjusted …
Source of funding Cancer Research UK; Medical Research Council; Stroke Association; British Heart Foundation; Research Into Ageing; Academy of Medical Sciences; Wellcome Trust.