Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Review: reflexology improved urinary symptoms in multiple sclerosis but was not effective for other outcomes in various conditions

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

P-S Tsai

Dr P-S Tsai, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan;


What is the efficacy and safety of reflexology in patients with any condition?


Studies selected compared reflexology with control or other interventions in patients with any condition; reported outcomes of symptom relief, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, or perception of reflexology; and had quality assessment ratings of fair or above according to US Preventive Services Task Force criteria. Excluded studies evaluated combination therapies of reflexology with other interventions, a young age group {ie, <18 y},* <10 participants/group, or provided insufficient information about the principal measures of effect. Outcomes were urinary symptoms, paraesthesia, muscle strength, spasticity, lung function, menopausal symptoms, anxiety, depression, quality of life, …

View Full Text


  • Source of funding: Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Taiwan.