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Medline, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Dissertation Abstracts International (all up to 2005); Cochrane Library (Issue 4, 2005); bibliographies of relevant studies; and researchers.
Study selection and assessment:
randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that had ⩾5 participants per group and compared cognitive and behavioural psychological interventions with a control or comparison condition in children or adolescents 2–19 years of age who were healthy (or had chronic or transitory illnesses) and were receiving needle related medical …
For correspondence: MsL Uman, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Sources of funding: National Science and Engineering Research Council Canada, Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation, and Pain in Child Health.