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Q Does an educational-behavioural intervention for parents of premature infants improve parent-infant interactions and parental mental health and reduce infant length of stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)?
randomised controlled trial (Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment [COPE] NICU programme).
blinded (primary care nurses and outcome assessors of parent-infant interactions).
Follow up period:
2 months corrected infant age.
2 NICUs in Syracuse and Rochester, New York, USA.
258 mothers (mean age 28 y) and 154 fathers/significant others (mean age 31 y) ⩾18 years of age (260 families) who could read and speak English, had not had another infant admitted to the NICU, and who had singleton infants (52% girls) born at the study sites with a gestational age of 26–34 weeks (mean 31 wks), birth weight <2500 g (mean 1650 g) and appropriate for …
For correspondence: Dr B M Melnyk, Arizona State University College of Nursing, Phoenix, AZ, USA.
Source of funding: National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Nursing Research.
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