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A comprehensive smoking cessation programme after surgery increased 1 year quit rates

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To determine whether a multicomponent smoking cessation programme given to adults in hospital for non-cardiac surgery will increase long term quit rates.


Randomised controlled trial with 12 month follow up.


A Veterans Affairs hospital in California, USA.


324 adults (mean age 54 y, 68% white, 98% men) in hospital for a minimum of 2 days for non-cardiac surgery. Adults were included if they smoked (defined as any amount of tobacco used within 2 wks of hospital admission) and were ready to quit smoking (in the contemplation or action stage of quitting described in the Stages of Change Theory). Exclusion criteria were terminal illness and contraindications to nicotine replacement therapy. The intention to treat analysis included the 299 adults …

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  • Source of funding: in part, the California Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program, Oakland.

  • For article reprint: Dr J A Simon, General Internal Medicine Section (111A1), Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA, 94121 USA. Fax +1 415 386 4044.