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Coronary care programme improved food habits but not physical activity or smoking status after acute myocardial infarction

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To determine whether a secondary prevention programme run by a nurse rehabilitator improves the lifestyle (food habits, smoking status, and physical activity) of adults during the year after an acute myocardial infarction.


Randomised controlled trial with 1 year follow up.


A university hospital in Sweden.


168 adults (mean age 62 y, 75% men) who were ≥ 50 years old and admitted to hospital with a confirmed acute myocardial infarction (World Health Organisation definition). Exclusion criteria were unstable angina, predefined ST segment changes during exercise testing, or evidence of congestive heart failure.


During the 3 weeks after hospital discharge, patients visited a nurse and cardiologist and received exercise training and information on risk factors and lifestyle changes. 4 weeks after discharge, patients were …

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  • Sources of funding: Swedish Heart Lung Foundation; Ernold Lundströms Foundation; Merck and Sharp and Dome Foundation.

  • For article reprint: Dr R Carlsson, Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Central Hospital, S-651 85 Karlstad, Sweden. Fax +46 054 015 349.